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Clinical and Neurophysiological Changes in Patients with Pineal Region Expansions

Sanja Hajnsek ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Zagreb, Croatia
Josip Paladino ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Zagreb, Croatia
Zeljka Petelin Gadze ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Zagreb, Croatia
Sibila Nankovic ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Zagreb, Croatia
Goran Mrak ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Zagreb, Croatia
Velimir Lupret ; University of Zagreb, Zagreb University Hospital Centre, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 427 Kb

str. 35-40

preuzimanja: 576

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Sažetak

In the last 20 years neurological and neurosurgical follow up of our patients with pineal region expansions (118 patients) pointed to certain clinical and neurophysiological regularities. We performed retrospective study which included 84 patients with pineal region expansions in the period from 1992 to 2009. The study included 55 women and 29 men, mean age 30.08±13.93 years, with positive brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – 70 patients (83.4%) had simple pineal gland cysts, and 14 patients (16.67%) had expansive process in pineal region with compressive effect. All patients had headache, while 32 patients (38%) had epileptic phenomena – primary generalized seizures. Patients had common electroencephalography (EEG) pattern with paroxysmal discharges of 3Hz (or more than 3 Hz) spike-and-wave complexes. Operation with supracerebellar infratentorial approach was performed in 70 patients. In most of our patients indication for the operation was established based on the size of the cyst (15 mm or more), with the signs of compression on the quadrigeminal plate and compression of the surrounding veins, which could result in seizures and EEG changes verified in our group of patients. Pathohistological analysis revealed pineocytomas in 11 cases (15.71%), pinealoblastomas in 2 cases (2.86%), one case of teratoma (1.43%), while 56 patients had pineal gland cysts (80%). Following surgery clinical condition improved in all patients – patients became seizure-free and headaches significantly decreased. Other symptoms including diplopiae, nausea, vomiting, vertigo as well as blurred vision also disappeared. There were no complications after surgical procedures. This study points to often appearance of seizures that clinically and neurophysiologically present as primary generalized epilepsy in patients with pineal region expansions. Our hypotheses are that mass effect on the surrounding veins that affects normal perfusion, compressive effect on the quadrigeminal plate and the aqueduct of the midbrain, hemosiderin deposists, as well as secretion disturbances of anticonvulsive agent melatonin can be involved in the pathogenesis of seizures.We suggest to perform high resolution brain MRI with special demonstration of pineal region in all young patients that have seizures and specific EEG changes.

Ključne riječi

pineal gland; expansions; epilepsy; headache

Hrčak ID:

99506

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/99506

Datum izdavanja:

3.4.2013.

Posjeta: 1.207 *