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https://doi.org/10.2478/botcro-2013-0011

Germination characteristics of Salicornia patula Duval-Jouve, S. emerici Duval-Jouve, and S. veneta Pign. et Lausi and their occurrence in Croatia

Nina Šajna ; Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
Marjana Regvar ; Department of Biology,Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ve~na pot 111, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Simona Kaligarič ; The Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, Regional unit of Maribor, Pobreška 20a, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
Željko Škvorc ; Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Mitja Kaligarič orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-3337-6533 ; Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 263 Kb

str. 347-358

preuzimanja: 794

citiraj


Sažetak

According to recent molecular analyses of Salicornia, we revised the annual glassworts from the Croatian coast, classified until now only as Salicornia europaea. Two species, a diploid Salicornia patula and a tetraploid S. emerici were recognized. They can be easily distinguished by floral characters, but not only by their habitus, which varies extremely according to environmental factors. Both species differ also in seed morphology. Salicornia patula has dimorphic seeds, with larger central seeds reaching high germination rates. Germination patterns helped to explain the habitat preferences. The
species rarely co-occur, however. The rare S. patula occupies drier habitats, on coastal mudflats or sands that are irregularly inundated. It occurs within the assoc. Suaedo maritimae-Salicornietum patulae. Salicornia emerici occupies the lowest coastal mudflats, regularly inundated, where nutrient-rich conditions prevail, and forms an almost
monotypical assoc. Salicornietum emerici. Due to the synonymy of S. veneta with S. emerici, we exclude the occurrence of S. veneta in Croatia as an independent taxon.

Ključne riječi

Salicornia patula, Salicornia emerici, Salicornia veneta, species description, habitat preference, Thero-Salicorniatea

Hrčak ID:

109650

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/109650

Posjeta: 1.249 *