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Mathematical Modelling as a Tool for Optimized PHA Production

M. Novak orcid id ; Department of Biochemical Engineering, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
M. Koller ; University of Graz, Institute of Chemistry, Department of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, NAWI Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28/III, 8010 Graz, Austria
M. Braunegg ; ARENA – Association for resource efficient and sustainable technologies, Inffeldgasse 21b, 8010 Graz, Austria
P. Horvat ; Department of Biochemical Engineering, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 2.526 Kb

str. 183-220

preuzimanja: 1.564



The potential of poly(hydroxyalkanoates) (PHAs) to replace conventional plastic materials justifies the increasing attention they have drawn both at lab-scale and in industrial biotechnology.
The improvement of large-scale productivity and biochemical/genetic properties of producing strains requires mathematical modeling and process/strain optimization procedures. Current models dealing with structurally diversified PHAs, both structured and unstructured, can be divided into formal kinetic, low-structured, dynamic, metabolic
(high-structured), cybernetic, neural networks and hybrid models; these attempts are summarized in this review. Characteristic properties of specific groups of models are stressed in light of their benefit to the better understanding of PHA biosynthesis, and their applicability for enhanced productivity. Unfortunately, there is no single type of mathematical model that expresses exactly all the characteristics of producing strains and/or features of industrial-scale plants; in addition, the different requirements for modelling of PHA production by pure cultures or mixed microbial consortia have to be addressed. Therefore, it is crucial to sophisticatedly adapt and fine-tune the modelling approach accordingly to actual processes, as the case arises. For “standard microbial cultivations and everyday practices”, formal kinetic models (for simple cases) and “low-structured” models will be appropriate and of great benefit. They are relatively simple and of low computational demand. To overcome the specific weaknesses of different established model types, some
authors use hybrid models. Here, satisfying compromises can be achieved by combining mechanistic, cybernetic, and neural and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models. Therefore, this hybrid modelling approach appears to constitute the most promising solution to generate a holistic picture of the entire PHA production process, encompassing all the benefits of the original modelling strategies. Complex growth media require a higherdegree of model structuring. For scientific purposes and advanced development of industrial equipment in the future, real systems will be modelled by highly organized hybrid models. All solutions related to modelling PHA production are discussed in this review.

Ključne riječi

cybernetic models, dynamic models, hybrid models, formal kinetic modelling, mathematical modelling, metabolic models, neuronal networks, poly(hydroxyalkanoate) (PHA)

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Posjeta: 2.347 *