Skoči na glavni sadržaj

Izvorni znanstveni članak


Šefik Bešlagić ; Sarajevo

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 3.216 Kb

str. 638-647

preuzimanja: 1.180


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 3.216 Kb

str. 638-647

preuzimanja: 343



The article deals with the Austro Hungarian list of standing tomb-stones in Bosnia and Hercegovina, published in 1897 and 1898 respectively, at the order of the Provincial Governament in Sarajevo, on the basis of which a report was written by Kosta Hörman, the then director of the mediaeval monuments in Bosnia and Hercegovina. The report was submitted to the 11th Slavic Archaeological Congress in Kiew, in 1899. As there was no organized protection of the cultural heritage in Bosnia until the second half of the 19th century, the mentioned report was one of the first appearances on the European scientific scene. The total number of standing tomb-stones listed by Horman was 59.500. The author describes their geographical position and their shapes, but most of his attention is dedicated to inscriptions. Dealing with the relief motives, he divides them – according to their character – into an architectonic and an ornamental group; he is also interested in the figural representation. In addition to statistical data and descriptions of monuments, the author also presents his ypotheses and points of view in connection with the origin of the monuments. The author adheres to the idea that the standing tomb-stones are an original Bosnian cultural phonomenon, but the question of their connection with the Bogumil heresy is undecisive and locks clarity. The Hörman report included a map of Bosnia and Hercegovina in which the localities were entered with drawings and photographs.
The author of the article, availing himself of new results and knowledge about the standing tomb-stones critically treats the Hörman report, correcting the data on geographical distribution, shapes, and interpretation of inscriptions. But all these objections notwithstanding, thea uthor considers the listing of standing tomb-stones in 1897 and 1898 a great scientific effort, not only of Hörman himself, but also of the Provincial Museum of Bosnia and Hercegovina, since the exhibition in Kiew offered the opportunity to the scientists of the world to be for the first time fully informed about the Bosnian-Hercegovinian standing tomb-stones.

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