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There was no erected church during the time of Prince Muncimir in the village Uzdolje near Knin

Nikola Jakšić ; Sveučilište u Zadru Odjel za povijest umjetnosti


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 1.676 Kb

str. 135-152

preuzimanja: 973

citiraj


Sažetak

Archaeological research of the mediaeval church of St. John in Uzdolje near Knin in 2001 and 2002 provided for the first time a complete insight into
the remains of the mediaeval structure and its architectural features. The interior of the single-nave rectangular building with semi-circular apse was
divided into four vaulted traves by half-columns, situated along the lateral walls. These are features that are characteristic for Romanesque architecture at the Adriatic coast, in particular in the rural landscape. The famous inscription, which has been known for a long time, with the chiselled name of Prince Muncimir from 895 was discovered in the
remains of the church. Along with this inscription, numerous other reliefs were also discovered there which indicate to the fact that they were carved during the 9th century. The Church of St. John in Uzdolje was built by
the local prefect in the 12th century who also gave instructions to compose the concise Latin inscription about this event, which reads as follows: IVAN
IVPANVS ABATI PETRI IVPANVS ABIRlT. This inscription is carved into an architrave of an altar screen from the 9th century. Based on the style, it
is evident that it is an architrave that was originally placed in the church, of which the remains were explored at Crkvina in Biskupija near Knin,
an archaeological site only a few kilometres away from Uzdolje. It is the mausoleum of Croatian rulers from the 9th century, which became the cathedral of Croatian bishops in the 11th century. Theauthor therefore concludes that an entire group ofpre-Romanesque reliefs was taken from Crkvinain Biskupija during the 12th century to be used to
furnish the Church of St. John in Uzdolje. These reliefs from the 9th century were no longer in usein the cathedral of the Croatian bishops since theywere replaced by others in the last quarter of the 11thcentury, which is a well-known fact.Most reliefs discovered in Uzdolje reveal features
of the so-called Benedictine stonemasonry workshop, whose works were noticed at several sites in the Croatian Principality. Thanks to the
dedicatory inscriptions in Nin, Muć and Otres, the activity of this stonemasonry workshop coincides with the reign of Prince Branimir (879-892). The reliefs discovered in Uzdolje confirm its activity
also at the time of his successor Prince Muncimir. It thus becomes clear that the Benedictine stonemasonry workshop supplied the mausoleum of
Croatian princes at Crkvina in Biskupija near Knin with liturgical furnishings also during the reign of Prince Muncimir. The author draws the attention
to one group of reliefs from Crkvina in Biskupija which reveal features of the Benedictine stonemasonry workshop. At the same time he also indicates to the fact that the use of discarded pre-Romanesque
reliefs is a common phenomenon and that many of them were discovered at sites for which they were not originally intended for.

Ključne riječi

Hrčak ID:

164148

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/164148

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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