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Treatment of severe acquired haemophilia A with an immunosuppressive agent

Željka Škunca ; Department of Hematology, General Hospital Zadar, Zadar, Croatia
Ana Planinc Peraica ; Clinical Hospital Merkur, Clinical of Internal Medicine, Department of Hematology, Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 205 Kb

str. 139-143

preuzimanja: 171

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Sažetak

Acquired haemophilia A (AHA) is a rare hemorrhagic disease caused by an autoantibody against coagulation factor VIII. Nonhaemophiliac patients develop autoantibodies (inhibitors) directed against the factor VIII circulating coagulation protein. Disease is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality. Inhibitors against FVIII induce acute and life-threatening hemorrhagic diathesis because of abnormal blood clotting. FVIII inhibitors demonstrate bleeding disorders and prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time and a normal prothrombin time. AHA should be considered in the differential diagnosis particularly in postpartum women and in the elderly patients with bleeding tendency. Treatment of acute hemorrhage is focused in the control of the acute bleeding episode and the long term suppression of the autoantibody. In congenital hemophilia A with inhibitors, in which using repetitive infusions of high dose FVIII concentrates is effective for inhibitor eradication.

This report presents one patient treated with immunosuppressive regimens. The most effective first-line treatment for the eradication of factor VIII autoantibodies is the combination of steroides and cyclophosphamide.

Ključne riječi

Acquired haemophilia A, Factor VIII inhibitors, treatment

Hrčak ID:

166697

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/166697

Posjeta: 445 *