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Potentials of ultrasound diagnostic in pleural diseases

Franjo Katić

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 4.365 Kb

str. 29-37

preuzimanja: 2.797


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 4.365 Kb

str. 29-37

preuzimanja: 161



Along with the conventional radiology, other diagnostic procedures also play significant role nowadays. Those diagnostic procedures are US and CT, whereas MR imaging has limited potentials. The article discusses normal ultrasound finding of pleura and pleural space and its comparison with CT-findings, as well as the most common pleural diseases. Ultrasound is also important for distinguishing between unclear cases, regardless whether it concerns alterations of pleura and/or alterations of pulmonary parenchyma, as well as the distinguishing between subpulmonary and subphrenic processes. For these purposes ultrasound can be used with intercostal or abdominal approach. Pleural effusions are anechogenic or hyperechogenic, they divide visceral pleura from parietal pleura, therefore, according to measurement of that distance a quantitative assessment/evaluation of amount of pleural effusion can be made. If it is not possible to distinguish pleural effusion from solid tissue in pleural space, ultrasound-guided needle puncture can be performed. Ultrasound enables detection of diffuse and focal thickenings, as well as pleural tumors, i.e. metastasis and pneumothorax. It is particularly important to mention the use of ultrasound in target diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

Ključne riječi

Pleura, Ultrasound diagnostics

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 3.347 *