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Croatian-Serbian relations as presented by the newspaper Crvena Hrvatska

Robert Bacalja ; Sveučilište u Zadru, Zadar, Hrvatska
Katarina Ivon ; Sveučilište u Zadru, Zadar, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 2.847 Kb

str. 385-406

preuzimanja: 1.071



The paper tackles political articles published in the Dubrovnik newspaper Crvena Hrvatska (Red Croatia), the herald of the Party of the Right (issued 1891–1914), with the aim of following complex Croatian-Serbian relations. It stresses major features of the policy of the Dubrovnik members of the Party of the Right, and additionally confirms the twist of one of its fractions, which accepted the “course” policy, choosing to collaborate with the Serbs. The authors started from the presumption that the specific socio-political situation in Dubrovnik towards the end of the 19th century presented the ideal starting point for the analysis of Croatian-Serbian relations, which came into the focus of interest for the subject newspaper. Specific political context also stressed the “political twist” that occurred at the beginning of the 20th century, that is to say the policy of the “new course”. Thus, the relations between the Croats and the Serbs as presented in Crvena Hrvatska were divided into two key phases. The first one is the period from the launching of the newspaper in 1891 to the victory in municipal elections in Dubrovnik in 1899. The importance of this period lies further in the fact that the prime polemist of the herald, who was also its initiator and editor-in-chief, was Frano Supilo. In the studied period, the “strained” Croatian-Serbian relations were a result of the efforts of members of the Party of the Right and of the People’s Party to regain the municipal authority. The second (new) period in Croatian-Serbian relations marked the beginning of the 20th century, more precisely the year 1903. This may be linked both to the arrival of Milan Marjanović as editor-in-chief and to the new political platform. The new perception of the Serbs was perceived as an imperative for the Croats; the forming of Croatian-Serbian coalition in 1905 was the very peak in this respect. It was as early as then that, in the political sense, the Croats and the Serbs began to be discussed in a wider Slavic/South-Slavic context. This view was to reach its climax by the “mythical picture of Serbia” presented on the pages of the newspaper in 1913 and 1914.

Ključne riječi

Crvena Hrvatska, Frano Supilo, Dubrovnik, Yugoslav ideology, Croatian identity

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.798 *