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Milk and dairy products in adolescent diet according to sex and living area

Irena Colić Barić ; Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb
Selma Cvijetić
Vesna Jureša
Zvonimir Šatalić

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 55 Kb

str. 206-214

preuzimanja: 1.877



The aim of this study was to determine the portion of the milk and dairy products as source of energy, macronutrients and calcium in average daily diet of adolescents according to sex and living area. A group of four hundred and forty one adolescents (46 % from rural, and 54 % from urban area in Croatia), both sexes, between 15 to 18 years of age, who attended high school represented the study subject. Weight and height were determined using standard techniques and following the norms of the WHO. Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for mass and frequency as well as energy and nutritional components of dairy products intake were used. The results indicated that adolescents in urban area consumed statistically significant (p<0.05) higher amount of milk and dairy products. Higher intake of energy, protein and calcium from milk and dairy products among adolescents in urban area was also observed. Average intake of calcium according to recommendation (RDA) is adequate for sex and age among subjects in urban are. Lower calcium intake was observed among the girls. In terms of food types, higher fat content dairy products were consumed among adolescents in both living areas, while according to sex, girls mostly consumed less fat milk and dairy products. According to body mass index (BMI) adolescents in both living areas were nourished well.

Ključne riječi

milk and dairy products, adolescents, sex, living area

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 3.422 *