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https://doi.org/10.31803/tg-20171017145907

Numerical investigation of heat and mass transfer inside a wet cooling tower

Paolo Blecich orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-9678-3833 ; Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, Vukovarska 58, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Tomislav Senčić ; Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, Vukovarska 58, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Igor Wolf orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-8720-9549 ; Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, Vukovarska 58, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Igor Bonefačić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-0937-6659 ; Faculty of Engineering, University of Rijeka, Vukovarska 58, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 2.562 Kb

str. 131-138

preuzimanja: 1.023

citiraj


Sažetak

This paper presents a numerical investigation of heat and mass transfer inside a wet cooling tower with forced air draft, which find application in energy process industries and oil refineries. The mathematical model consists of mass, momentum and energy conservation equations, water droplet trajectories and their interaction with the gas phase, the computational domain and boundary conditions. Numerical distributions of air velocity, air temperatures, water vapor fractions and evaporation rates are shown and discussed. The wet cooling tower achieves an efficiency of around 80%, which can be improved by optimizing the value of the water droplet size, nozzle spray angle and water-to-air flow rate ratio. The water droplet size has a dominant effect on the cooling tower efficiency, whereas small droplets improve the efficiency up to 10%. On the other hand, the spray angle and the water-to-air ratio lead to slight improvements, about 2-3% in the best case.

Ključne riječi

cooling tower, forced air draft, latent heat transfer, numerical modeling, water evaporation

Hrčak ID:

206048

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/206048

Posjeta: 1.546 *