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Ideological and Culturological Currents in the Public Life of the Croatian People from 1918 to 1941

Jakov Jukić

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 165 Kb

str. 3-18

preuzimanja: 452



In modern Croatian society the first ideologies appear at the
beginning of the twentieth century. The Catholic-ecclesiastical
ideology could be considered the first, and it is connected with the name of Bishop Mahni~ and the establishment of
the Croatian Catholic Movement; the second ideology would
be the liberal-bourgeois one, associated with the liberal
literary critic Marjanović and the appearance of Modernism
in literature. The third ideology could then be called the
Marxist-Communist ideology and would relate to the Second
Congress of the Yugoslav Communist Party in Vukovar and
its rigid and dogmatic viewpoints. It is certain that the almost
simultaneous occurrence of all three converse and
oppositional ideologies was cause for their even greater
homogeneity and mutual opposition. In the text all three
ideological circles in the Croatian society of that time have
been described in detail. Therefore, regardless of their
distinctions, they are linked by the same ideological
discourse, which indicates that nowadays their similarities
and not differences should be dealt with. Nevertheless,
things already started to change. All three ideologies
experienced a certain deideologization and rapid
secularization. Ideological exclusiveness was reported not to
lead anywhere, for problems in society could not be solved
through ideology. On the other hand, the national issue in
Croatian society was emerging more and more into the
foreground, and it could not be unraveled by ideology, but
only by political pragmatism. Thus the weakening of
ideological tensions and strengthening of political discourse
in Croatian society.

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