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Technical Modernization and the History of the Individual


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 256 Kb

str. 397-424

preuzimanja: 498



In the paper the author examines how separable certain
“sectors” of modernization in the strategy of development are.
Particularly, how detachable the institutional modernization
(political, legal) is from technical modernization. Therefore, he
analyses technical modernization as a process structurally
connected to the formation / social construction of certain
characters of the individual. The author selects three such special
characters which form the foundations of technical
modernization. These are the representative individual,
characteristic of the first “classic”, technical modernization, whose
goal is the construction of the industrial order and production
structure; the whimsical individual, with whose assistance the
second phase of technical modernization is formulated, the aim
of which is to develop production for mass needs and reconstruct
the technical structure in order to be capable of producing in
accordance with the new standard of industrial quality; the
individual / successor is that model of the individual which helps
carry out technical modernization with specific goals in the most
recent “space” age; his presence ensuring a new technical
modernization based on technically simulated machines
according to models of living organisms. The author concludes
that sectors of political, technical and urban modernization
cannot be separated without negative consequences on the
strategy of development. This is particularly important for the
development strategies of transitional countries, in which, due to
a number of specific circumstances, created in the paradoxal
socialist modernization, the omission of technical modernization
and favouring of the institutional instead, can produce strategic
countereffects encouraging the processes of separation from civil
society, especially inspiring rentier bureaucracy.

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