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https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2020.0201

Udder morphology, milk production and udder health in small ruminants

Josip Vrdoljak ; Pleter usluge d.o.o., Čerinina 23, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Zvonimir Prpić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-0827-4594 ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science and Technology, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Dubravka Samaržija ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Dairy Science, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Ivan Vnučec orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-5190-3045 ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science and Technology, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Miljenko Konjačić ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science and Technology, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Nikolina Kelava Ugarković ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science and Technology, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 321 Kb

str. 75-84

preuzimanja: 1.164

citiraj

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 321 Kb

str. 75-84

preuzimanja: 546

citiraj


Sažetak

In recent years there has been an increasing trend in research of sheep and goat udder morphology, not only from the view of its suitability for machine milking, but also in terms of milk yield and mammary gland health. More precisely, herds consisting of high-yielding sheep and goats as a result of long-term and one-sided selection to increase milk yield, have been characterised by distortion of the udder morphology caused by increasing the pressure of udder weight on its suspensory system. Along with the deteriorated milking traits, which is negatively reflected on the udder health, some udder morphology traits are often emphasized as factor of production longevity of dairy sheep and goats. Since the intention of farmers and breeders nowadays is to increase the milk yield of sheep and goats while maintaining desirable udder morphology and udder health, the aim of this paper is to give a detailed overview of the current knowledge about the relationship of morphological udder traits with milk yield, and the health of the mammary gland of sheep and goats. External measures of udder size (circumference, width and depth of the udder) are strongly correlated with milk production in sheep and goats. The morphological udder traits determining its suitability for machine milking (such as teat position and teat angle, udder depth, teat size, cistern height) are related to the mammary gland health in sheep and goats. Thus, the incidence of mastitis is noticeably higher in the udders of unsuitable shape for machine milking (deep and hung udders, unfavourable position of teats, etc.). Consequently, the morphological udder traits that affect the milkability of sheep and goats are indirectly related to milk yield.

Ključne riječi

goat milk; sheep milk; lactation; udder traits; udder health; milk composition

Hrčak ID:

235968

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/235968

Datum izdavanja:

26.3.2020.

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 3.160 *