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https://doi.org/10.20471/LO.2020.48.01.04

Androgen receptors: unclear ubiquitious mechanism or the missing key in the triple–negative breast cancer?

Ana Tečić-Vuger orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-2203-161X ; Medical Oncology Department, Division for Radiotherapy and Medical Oncology, University Hospital for Tumors, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia
Robert Šeparović orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-4002-2699 ; Medical Oncology Department, Division for Radiotherapy and Medical Oncology, University Hospital for Tumors, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia; Medical School, University of Juraj Dobrila, Pula, Croatia
Ljubica Vazdar ; Medical Oncology Department, Division for Radiotherapy and Medical Oncology, University Hospital for Tumors, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia
Mirjana Pavlović ; Medical Oncology Department, Division for Radiotherapy and Medical Oncology, University Hospital for Tumors, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia
Petra Lepetić ; Medical Oncology Department, Division for Radiotherapy and Medical Oncology, University Hospital for Tumors, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia
Sanda Šitić ; Department of Oncological Pathology and Clinical Cytology, 'Ljudevit Jurak' University Department of Pathology, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia
Božena Šarčević ; School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Damir Vrbanec ; Medical School, University of Juraj Dobrila, Pula, Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 385 Kb

str. 20-26

preuzimanja: 269

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Sažetak

Androgen receptors (AR) are ligand-dependent nuclear transcription factors. These are steroid receptors, similar to estrogen receptors (ER). They are expressed in numerous cells in the body, with different constructive roles. AR signalling can be involved in the development of a variety of human malignant tumors, such as prostate cancer, bladder, liver, salivary glands, kidney, lung, melanoma, sarcoma, breast cancer, and many others. The role of AR is most clear and today best explained in prostate cancer. The mechanism of AR signalling in other human epithelial tumors is still quite unclear and the effects are different to entirely opposite in different tumors. In breast cancer, AR are the most commonly expressed receptors, but still with an incompletely clear role, prognostic and predictive significance. The expression of AR in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly variable. Despite the marked differences in the results of the various analyzes, they appear to have a beneficial effect on the prognosis and are potentially the target of antihormone therapy for treatment of TNBC in the future.

Ključne riječi

androgen receptors, prostate cancer, breast cancer, triple–negative breast cancer

Hrčak ID:

240534

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/240534

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 961 *