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Constitutionality and legality control of orders

Josip Vučković

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 305 Kb

str. 987-1009

preuzimanja: 874



Legislative authorisation to issue orders essentially enables timely regulation of various emergency situations, in which such an order is usually demanding an action or omission that is otherwise not mandatory, or prohibiting an action that is otherwise legally permitted. However, our legislative practice thus far has shown that such legislative authorisation often contain vague or general formulations, without clearly defined boundaries of the authority on the basis of which some additional restrictions or obligations are regularly imposed on business entities for the duration of an intervention measures. This paper primarily examines the vagueness of the new systematic regulation of orders, which leaves open the question of the competence for the review of the constitutionality and legality of this generally binding subordinate legislation. Specifically, an order cannot be the subject of an objective administrative dispute at the moment, and the jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court is also questionable, since the State Administration System Act no longer explicitly defines an order as an implementing regulation. Consequently, the main part of the paper analyses the basic substantive features and legal nature of the order, examines the issue of the necessary degree of specificity and precision of the authorising norm as well as the role of the proportionality principle in the necessary limitation of the regulatory autonomy of the legislator and the issuers of orders, and, in conclusion, seeks to answer the question of whether the order should (and can) be subject to constitutionality and legality review by the Constitutional Court.

Ključne riječi

Orders, Limitation of basic Rights and Freedoms, Rule of Law, Legal certainty, Proportionality

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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