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Andrea Matošević ; Sveučilište Jurja Dobrile u Puli, Pula, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 373 Kb

str. 5-20

preuzimanja: 1.746



The miners are best known for their accidents and strikes, that are the inherent part of
their everyday life; however, underneath these two elements, that are general points of
their identity, there are much more complex processes of survival, as well as attempts to
create their workers' underground tradition and to make it nobler. It is best expressed
through the "communication" with the work habitat, connected with its reverence, that results
in the comparison of the mine with the war. The use of specific signalization and
materials, the co-existance of the miners and mine mice sensitive to underground gas,
"listening" to the cliffs and waterways are just some of the examples of the underground
culture or the miners' attempts to stay underground as long and as successful as possible,
to survive and to satisfy the daily norm of coal mining given throughout the twentieth
century by the Austrian, Italian, Yugoslav and Croatian colliery management. The relationship
between the workers who earned their daily or monthly paycheck seven
hundred meter under the Earth's surface has been strongly influenced by the extreme environment
of their workplace, the result of which was a specific work ethic and adaptation
to the workplace, developed as opposition to the managements who have very
often, by employing "scientifically and ideologically organized" work (Anbinden system,
Bedeaux system, the Udarništvo or high-impact work), taken advantage of the miners
and the mine, without taking neither their safety nor the necessary preservation of the ore
into consideration, which in return resulted in numerous disasters, but had also created a
basis for workers to build their specific feeling of unity – an important element of the
complex miners' identity. The underground everyday life of the miners has oscilated
between the two, neither grateful nor benignant masters – the management, that often
perceives the worker and the mine merely as a means of making profit and the nature, to
which it could be defined only as an usurper. It is this narrow space between the "punishment
and obligation" that the wit and even the creativity of one of the most burdensome
and difficult professions lies; it is translated into the miners' and workers' underground
tradition, inherent and specific skills whose elements can be found above the surface as
well, and that has survived and has, due to their efforts, changed and developed.

Ključne riječi

anthropology of mining; Raša

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