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North Macedonia after the Ohrid Framework Agreement: a state (in)stability?

Marijana Opašinova Šundovska orcid id ; University American College Skopje, Sjeverna Makedonija

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 314 Kb

str. 49-70

preuzimanja: 230



Independence movements triggered by the end of the Cold War ended in state collapse and the creation of new states across the European continent. The decade coloured with violent wars in the Balkan region did not leave the Republic of Macedonia immune from ethnic conflict, which occurred in 2001. The outcome in the form of the so‑called Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA) was the intended improvement of the rights of minorities and the sharing of power in decision making, both on local and central levels. The purpose of this paper is to determine whether theoretical approach
patterns to state instability match the causes for the outburst of the Macedonian conflict of 2001. It will also try to detect if the conflict resulted from minority discrimination, state institutions’ inability to control the territory, poor economic situation, uneven regional development after independence, or it was a combination of factors that – fully or partially – contributed to its emergence. The paper will also seek to confirm if addressing these factors two decades later decreased the divisions across ethnic lines in the state.

Ključne riječi

state instability, ethnic conflict, political rhetoric, identity, mi‑ nority, North Macedonia

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