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https://doi.org/10.17818/DIEM/2021/1.9

IDENTITY FOCUSED ADAPTATION OF NEWCOMERS IN ORGANIZATIONS: RESOURSE FOR PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

Natalia Ivanova ; School of PublicSchool of Public Administration and Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Science, Higher School of Economics, National Research University, Moscow, Russia Administration and Department of Psychology
Anna Klimova orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-2487-6536 ; School of PublicSchool of Public Administration and Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Science, Higher School of Economics, National Research University, Moscow, Russia Administration and Department of Psychology


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 135 Kb

str. 89-97

preuzimanja: 137

citiraj


Sažetak

The report addresses the issue of adaptation of newcomers in organizations. This problem is very important now in business and public organizations according to the problem of labor productivity, staff turnover, corporate culture etc. In spite of obvious importance of the adaptation in organization, the studies of this problem require new approaches and methods. Mechanisms are explored that help to retain the staff in organization and to create a desire to continue its activities in this organization. The research is implemented to the framework of the business-psychological approach (S Benton, N. Ivanova, theory of social identity (H. Tajfel, J.C. Turner), concepts of adaptation (T. Bazarov, N. Volkova etc.). Adaptation of newcomers is considered as a natural stage of professional and social self-determination of the individual, as overcoming the identity crisis and identity forming process. In the course of adaptation, an identity is formed that is adequate in relation to the new social roles and goals of activity. The purpose of the study: to develop the identity focused adaptation model, to test the role of this model in the work with newcomers in organization. Methodology: questionnaire (N= 109), Job Satisfaction Survey (N=15), case study in organizations. Results: The role of information and psychological support of a novice from the manager, mentor and team while including a specialist in joint activities is revealed. The directions of improving the system of adaptation of newcomers in the organization are highlighted. An identity focused adaptation model has been developed, which includes the following components:
A) Preliminary information to newcomers: preparatory briefing about the company; detailed briefing about the company's rules and regulations.
B) Information about newcomers to colleagues: about the new employee, his workplace, the tasks of his adaptation, the appointment of a mentor.
C) Communications of the mentor: checking the workplace, the initial conversation, monitoring the problems and successes, the employee's initiation into the company's affairs.
D) Communications of the manager: aimed at reducing the uncertainty of the newcomer in the first days of work.
E) Communication of newcomers: questions, feedback, ideas, doubts, wishes.
Results of this research can be useful for management, counseling and coaching for development of newcomer’s identity, loyalty, and performance.

Ključne riječi

business psychology, identity focused adaptation model, personnel management, loyalty, adaptation of personnel, social identity, strategy of communication

Hrčak ID:

261896

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/261896

Posjeta: 247 *