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Pregledni rad

https://doi.org/10.17818/DIEM/2021/1.17

ADAPTATION TO EXTERNAL SHOCKS WITHIN THE CURRENCY BOARD SYSTEM ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE BALTIC COUNTRIES AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Marina Jerinić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-9850-0227 ; Faculty of Economics, University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 694 Kb

str. 161-175

preuzimanja: 64

citiraj


Sažetak

One of the most important economic policy issues, especially in the post-transition countries, is exchange rate regime (ERR), i.e. the question of optimal exchange rate regime that would stimulate economic growth and propagate macroeconomic stability. For small and EU-oriented countries like Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), the EU accession processes and character of countries' economic cycle phase are usually highlighted among many factors. The choice of the appropriate exchange rate system is determinated by the specific characteristics of individual countries, time moment and the characteristics of the external shock occurrence. It is generally accepted that monetary instabilities are treated by fixation and real economic shocks by exchange rate fluctuations. An important criterion for assessing the adequacy of the current exchange rate regime is its response to external shocks, such as the Great Recession in 2008. While flexible exchange rate regime is used as an automatic stabilizer, fixed exchange rates place certain restrictions. The process of macroeconomic adjustment in the Baltic States is an example of how large macroeconomic imbalances can be reduced without adjusting the nominal exchange rate and how the currency board can be successfully used as a stage in the euro introduction process. The aim of this paper is to give a comparative overview of the currency board introduction in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Baltic countries, results achieved and reactions to external shocks (Great Recession in 2008) within this exchange rate arrangement, so conclusions that could be valuable in post-COVID 19 recovery can be drawn.

Ključne riječi

exchange rates, currency board, external shocks

Hrčak ID:

261906

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/261906

Posjeta: 171 *