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Unregistered Micro-Performers of Business Activity: The “Who” and “Why” in North Macedonia

Marjan Petreski orcid id ; University American College Skopje, North Macedonia
Blagica Petreski orcid id ; Finance Think – Economic Research & Policy Institute, Skopje, North Macedonia

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 225 Kb


str. 45-77

preuzimanja: 328



The purpose of this paper is to understand who the unregistered micro-performers of business activity (MPBA) in North Macedonia are and why they decided to stay informal. We rely on a specifically designed Survey on Unregistered Micro- Enterprises collected from 151 unregistered MPBAs in May 2022. Results reveal that most common forms of unregistered MPBAs include: street sellers, individual farmers, handicraftsmen, providers of personal beauty services, painters, plasterers, bakers, lessons instructors, motor vehicle mechanics and housekeepers and cleaners. Costs of becoming a registered company, particularly taxes, social contributions, parafiscal charges and the cost for accounting, have been identified as an important impediment to registration. On the other hand, access to bigger customers, to more reliable sellers of inputs and to new markets have been identified as large benefits of formalization. The second motivation is the access to social protection and pension in the old age. Costs of staying informal have limited power in motivating registration.

Ključne riječi

unregistered micro-performers of business activity; costs of formalization; benefits from formalization; costs of staying informal; North Macedonia

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