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THE CONCEPT OF CITIZEN IN THE CROATIAN AND YUGOSLAV CONSTITUTIONAL ORDERS FROM 1944 UNTIL 1990
The paper relates to the concept of citizen in the Croatian and Yugoslav constitutional orders from 1944 until 1990. The paper deals with the analysis of the most important constitutional acts that affected citizens starting from those enacted by the Yugoslav and Croatian autho- rities at the end of the Second World War and its aftermath. In addition, the paper conducts an analysis into the federal and republican constitutional law of 1953, federal and republican constitution of 1963 and federal and republican constitution of 1974. The paper sets forth that the authorities shaped the concept of citizen in line with the socialistic principles while at the same time gradually abandoning individual approach towards citizens. In addition, it is pointed out that socialistic constitutions emphasized class terminology in their constitu- tional texts and interests of the community over the individual interests. Furthermore, the paper indicates that in the constitutional acts, specifically those enacted in the aftermath of the Second World War and in the acts of 1974, the authority emphasized ethnic equality as an important feature of the constitution.
Posjeta: 364 *