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Entry into force of the International convention on civil liability for bunker oil pollution damage, 2001

Marija Pospišil ; North of England P&I Association Ltd.

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 143 Kb

str. 1201-1230

preuzimanja: 1.839



International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001 (Bunker Convention) adopted at IMO Diplomatic Conference held in London from 19 to 23 March 2001, with an aim to ensure that adequate, prompt and effective compensation is available to persons who suffer damage caused by spills of oil when carried as fuel in ship's bunkers, will enter into force on 21 November 2008.

Entry into force of the Bunker Convention, which regulates the liability and compensation for damages resulting from bunker oil pollution, will fill a significant gap in international regulations on marine pollution liability and it will improve and complete the international oil pollution regime which was established by International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC) and International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensations for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (IOPC Fund), followed by amendments to those Conventions by the adoption of Protocols of 1992 and by Protocol of 2003 establishing the Supplementary Fund, as well as by adoption of International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 (HNS) which deals with different types of oil not included in CLC regime.

This paper analyzes the main characteristics of the International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001 comparing them with the CLC liability regime, with a special emphasis on issues relating to compulsory insurance and direct action against the insurer, as well as on issues relating to certification of ships as required by the Bunker Convention.

Ključne riječi

bunker oil pollution, compulsory insurance, direct action

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