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Mine Situation in Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Nina Glavina

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 79 Kb

str. 117-124

preuzimanja: 1.010



The 1997 Mine Ban Treaty (MBT) prohibits the parties of the treaty to produce, stockpile, import or export, sell and transport mines. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), which is an association consisting of hundreds of non-governmental organizations headed by Ms Jody Williams, the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize winner, played a decisive role in the passing of the Treaty. The Treaty has so far been signed by more than 140 states and 126 of them ratified it. The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) joined the convention on 9th September 1998. The situation in Macedonia and the way the authorities treat the MBT are by no means satisfactory. Macedonian policy on most of the issues can be characterized as discontinuous and disorganized, as well as wanting in programs and plans. There are no programs that ban the use of mines and, consequently, there is no coherent policy. Macedonia supports the convention completely but at the same time does nothing to implement it. Ever since the ethnic Albanian minority rebelled against the Macedonian Government in March 2001, there have been reports on the use of mines, and especially anti-tank mines. The number of recorded incidents has increased. These incidents were caused by detonations of anti-tank mines. The Macedonian authorities have not yet issued any statement confirming or denying the possibility that the Macedonian army used mines in the conflict with the ethnic Albanian minority.

Ključne riječi

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Mine Ban Treaty; mine; unexploded objects; interstate war; ethnic Albanian minority

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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