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Phytocoenosis of Silver Fir and Hop Hornbeam (Ostryo-Abietetum/Fukarek 1963/Trinajstić 1983) in the Hinterland of Vinodol

Joso Vukelić ; Šumarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
Davor Racić ; Hrvatske šume UŠP Senj
Dario Baričević ; Šumarski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 2.302 Kb

str. 387-397

preuzimanja: 598



In Croatia, the forest community Ostryo-Abietetum (Fukarek 1963) Trinajstić 1983 was found on Mt. Biokovo (Trinajstić 1983, 1987) and on Kapela (Rac et Lovrić 1987, Rac 1995). Only five relevés have been published in scientific literature. Since the floral composition has not been analyzed and compared in more detail, the studied phytocoenosis is insufficiently known.
Phytocoenological research was conducted following the classical principles of the Braun-Blanquet School (1964). Forests of fir with hop hornbeam were presented on the basis of ten relevés from the Vinodol area and five from Biokovo. Plant nomenclature was adjusted according to Ehrendorfer (1973), while plant-sociological affiliation and biological form of the species were based on the work generally used for this purpose.
Phytocoenological research into the stands of the community Ostryo-Abietetum in Vinodol showed syntaxonomic affiliation in the sense of Marinček et al. (1993) in accordance with international syntaxonomic rules (Weber et al. 2000). A total of 84 species were registered in ten phytocoenological relevés. On average, there were 41 species per relevé. Abies alba prevails in the dominant layer, Ostrya carpinifolia in the intermediate layer and thermophilic species of the order Quercetalia pubescentis in the shrub layer. The layer of herbaceous vegetation is dominated by the species of the order Fagetalia and the alliance Aremonio-Fagion and by the thermophilic species Sesleria autumnalis.
The forest phytocoenosis of fir with hop hornbeam occurs over approximately 250 ha in the study area (Racić 2001). Compared to past phytocoenological relevés of this community in Croatia, 54 new species have been registered. Those of mesophilic character and beech forests prevail, which completes the knowledge of the phytocoenosis Ostryo-Abietetum. In relation to the stands on Biokovo, 46 species of predominantly thermophilic character are absent, including Lonicera alpigena and Pulmonaria visianii, which were initially classified as characteristic species of the association. The species Hepatica nobilis, with frequent presence of sessile oak in the tree layer, occurs abundantly in Vinodol stands. Stands of the community Ostryo-Abietetum are mainly protective coppices with a permanently open canopy and density of about 50 %.

Ključne riječi

ecological conditions., floral composition, Ostryo-Abietetum, Vinodol hinterland

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Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

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