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Biomass in Strawberry Tree Coppice Forests (Arbutus unedo L.) on Island Brač

Vlado Topić ; Institut za jadranske kulture i melioraciju krša Split
Lukrecija Butorac ; Institut za jadranske kulture i melioraciju krša Split
Goran Jelić ; Institut za jadranske kulture i melioraciju krša Split

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 402 Kb

str. 5-14

preuzimanja: 540



The authors have collected and partly published the data about biomass for some important species on the Mediterranean karst area of Croatia during their research on projects. In this paper the data for strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.), whith together wit holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), laurestine (Viburnum tinus L.), crack phyllirea (Phillyrea latifolia L.), white heath (Erica arborea L.) and other maquis elements are published, which are found in Mediterranean littoral vegetation area of forest vegetation of holm oak (Quercion ilicis). This vegetation is spread from Istra to the Albanian border, especially on the middle and south Dalmatian islands: Brač, Korčula, Mljet, Lokrum and others. The vegetation develops in the form of closed maquis, rarely small forest (coppice). It grows till 10 m high and has a strong sprout strenght. It is completely adapted to ecologic situation of Adriatic forest, to draught, salt and cold, if it does not last long. Its fruit is edible and is used for making jam, spirit or liquer. It is also important as decorative plant in horticulture. It is especially nice in autumn, when the flowers and fruit are on the same branch. Research on strawberry coppice trees are done on experimental plots in Gornji Humac on the northeast part of the island Brač, dominated by un mi x ed and mixed evergreen oak forests. The plots have an area of 1 ha, the subplots 19 and 20, 25 m2 (table 1). The canopy on subplots amounts to 84,79 % (subplots 19), to 98,41 % (subplots 20), the medium height of sprout of strawberry tree is 3,60, that is 4,01 m (maximum 4,50 m). Biomass of wood and foliage on experimental plots was measured separately for every sprout as weight and volume, the independable estimatiors were the diameter od sprout on the height of 50 and 130 cm above ground, height of sprout and diameter of crown of the sprout. The weight of wood and leaves were measured in kg, volume in m3, diameter of sprout in cm, height of sprout and diameter of crown in m. Wood volume in coppice forests, on the area of 25 m2, varies from 0,276 to 0,405 m3, the leaf volume from 0,044 to 0,066 m3. The volume depends on the degradation stadium of coppice, that is on the dimension of species they consist of, their number on the unit of area, the way of grouping and the stand. The important part of the research is the model for quick and reliable estimation of biomass is forest ecosystems. General linear modelling is used for the development of the model. The research results showed that the wood and foliage volume in strawberry tree coppice is in strong, very strong and extremely strong linear dependance on the diameter of sprout, height of sprout and crown diameter of sprout. The correlation coefficients are between 0,599 and 0,961. The greatest correlation ceofficient has the relation of wood weight and sprout diameter at 50 cm height above ground level (r = 0,961). By univariate regression analyisis biomass above soil level in coppice strawberry trees can at best be estimated on the basis of sprout diameter, although the other independable variables also explain this regression model (table 4, figure 1). Diameter of sprout at 50 cm above ground explains 92,3 % of variability of wood weight, 72,6 % of leaf weight, while the crown diameter of the sprout explain 76,7 % of variability of wood weight and 75,9 % of weight and leaf volume. Multivariate regression models do not give much better results than univariate, especially at sprout diameter, as the best independable estimator, where values are equal. The diameter of sprout, its height and crown diameter of the sprout explain 87,9 % of variability of wood weight, 76,9 % of weight and leaf volume. Diameter of the sprout explains best this regression model for weight and wood volume, by weight and leaf volume of the crown diameter (table 5). All models can be used for quick and reliable estimation of biomass of each unit (wood and leaf) in strawberry tree coppice, especially with variable of sprout diameter.

Ključne riječi

biomass, crown diameter of the sprout, height of sprout, sprout diameter, strawberry tree coppice, weight and foliage volume, weight and volume of wood

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