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The ethical implications of psychodynamic theories

Maja Žitinski

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 958 Kb

str. 323-336

preuzimanja: 1.199



The article investigates the way in which psychodynamic theories, psychoanalytical characterology and neurobiology change the definition of all that is real, thus deepening our understanding of the context in which one should make an ethical judgment. If ethical observations are possible, then the freeing potential of the psychoanalytical undertaking overcomes singular, personal meanings of a symbol, and refers to a universal importance of symbolism. The individual making the analysis is the one who is at the same time being analyzed, and it is in this moral evenness that the individual makes justice a basic stronghold for a fight against prejudices which stigmatize. Psychodynamic theories always emphasize inner conflicts, motives and the unconscious stimulants of human behavior; however, in the end they are also neurobiologically based. If biochemistry can discover toxins that harm our mere biological existence and at the same time are the consequence of the suppressing of spiritual freedom and needs, then it is obvious that spiritual freedom is as equally important as biological freedom. Whilst neurobiology enlightens subjective experiences through universal symbolism, it also purifies the ethical theory of its doubts and faults since it enables it to move away from obeying moral principles that are lifeless. Non-biasness, honor and justice are not illusions of the weak, but the very foundations of the constructive interaction between humans.

Ključne riječi

introspection; cognitive process; victimization; relation competency; learned helplessness; moral reason

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