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National Ideologies and 19th Century Art on the Example of Frescoes in the Đakovo Cathedral Apses

Dragan DAMJANOVIĆ orcid id ; Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb

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str. 461-478

preuzimanja: 2.278



In 19th century art, as a period in which European nations
were born, reflections of new national or political ideologies
often appeared. Included among the most interesting of such
cases in Croatian art history is the painting of the Đakovo
Cathedral sanctuary. Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer, one of
the main representatives of the Yugoslav national ideology in
19th century Croatia, was in charge of the construction and
decoration of this building. In accordance with his political
viewpoint and vision of the future of the Slavic South, and in
agreement with painters Ludovico and Alexander Maximilian
Seitz, who painted the frescoes in the \akovo Cathedral,
elements of the ideology he represented were incorporated
into the paintings decorating this building. In the fresco
Adoration of the Kings and Shepherds, the South Slavic
peoples are depicted as shepherds bowing to the newborn
child – Christ: a Croat with grapes in his hand, a Slavonic
woman with wheat, a Dalmatian woman holding olives, a
Bulgarian holding fruit and a Serbian chasing sheep. In the
fresco Off the Cross added to the biblical characters were
also some Slavic and local saints, and in the fresco in the
main apse (depicting adoration at The Throne of St Peter)
there is an Orthodox woman and Bosnian Muslim being led
to the Papal See, interpreting Strossmayer's idea that the
unification of South Slavs is not possible without unity in
faith, which should have been achieved by acknowledging
papal primacy.

Ključne riječi

national ideologies; Yugosalvism; Josip Juraj Strossmayer; 19th century art; the Đakovo Cathedral

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