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Seroepidemiological and Seroepizootiological Investigation of Leptospirosis in Croatia in 2007

Josipa Habuš ; Zavod za mikrobiologiju i zarazne bolesti s klinikom, Veterinarski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Željko Cvetnić ; Hrvatski veterinarski institut, Zagreb, Hrvatsks
Zoran Milas ; Zavod za mikrobiologiju i zarazne bolesti s klinikom, Veterinarski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Zrinka Štritof ; Zavod za mikrobiologiju i zarazne bolesti s klinikom, Veterinarski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Mirjana Balen-Topić ; Klinika za infektivne bolesti "Dr.Fran Mihaljević", Zagreb, Hrvatska
Josip Margeletić ; Zavod za zaštitu šuma i lovno gospodarenje, Šumarski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Nenad Turk ; Zavod za mikrobiologiju i zarazne bolesti s klinikom, Veterinarski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska


Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 95 Kb

str. 183-188

preuzimanja: 593

citiraj


Sažetak

Serological results inferred from the microscopic agglutination performed at Laboratory for leptospires, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Laboratory for bacterial zoonoses and molecular diagnostics of bacterial diseases of the Croatian Veterinary Institute were used to evaluate 113 human sera and 44 710 sera of domestic and wild animals during 2007. Out of 113 human sera, positive reaction was determined in 24 (21.24%) with prevalence of serovar Australis as presumptive infective serovar in humans. Prevalence of same serovars was determined in 1996 (4.46 %) from the total of 44 710 sera of domestic and wild animals. Obtained results were used to determine possible changes in epidemiology and epizootiology of leptospirosis. Although, no changes in frequency of leptospirosis were noted, some changes in occurrence of presumptive serovars were detected. Slight increase in frequency of serovar Australis, with constant frequency of Grippotyphosa and Icterohaemorrhagiae was detected together with decreasing of serovars Sejroe-Saxkoebing previously mentioned as prevalent serovar in Croatia. Highest frequency of serovar Australis in humans and animals point to the fact that the main source of infection for both investigated groups were mouse like rodents. Further investigations are needed in order to check possible connection between changes in epizootiology and epidemiology of leptospirosis and changes in clinical signs of leptospirosis in humans.

Ključne riječi

leptospirosis, leptospira, epidemiology, epizootiology, microscopic agglutination

Hrčak ID:

43756

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/43756

Podaci na drugim jezicima: hrvatski

Posjeta: 1.072 *