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Major Social Characteristics of Nature as a Public Good in Urban Context

Ognjen ČALDAROVIĆ ; Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb
Jana ŠARINIĆ ; Gornjogradska gimnazija, Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 157 Kb


str. 733-747

preuzimanja: 1.262



A key element for our discussion is an attempt to calculate
"the value" of nature "as such" in the urban context. In other
words, what kind of values could be "added" to nature as a
public good in the urban context in the sense of jeopardizing
its "value"? In calculating the value of the natural
environment in an urban context, the usual elements of
constructed environment as well as some new elements are
used as the new potentially interesting elements of
transformation of nature in an urban context. It is true that
the calculation of the values of natural elements in the cities
represents a very difficult problem. We must admit that it is
possible to conceptualize the immeasurable value of nature
"as such" as well as its parts in the urban context as a sum of
already usable values (use-value), as a sum of unusable
values (non-use value), and as a sum of direct (visible,
recognizable, direct) values that – regardless of whether their
exploitation exists or not – represent a potential for direct
usage. Also, this kind of calculation must take into account
the values of indirect (unnoticeable) values. One interesting
aspect for our discussion is the idea of "exploitation" of the
use value element of nature as a public good in the urban
context. The context is usually marked with processes of
privatization, corporate investments and interventions, the
emergence of gated communities, excessive transformation
of the natural to the limits of unrecognizability of the natural
– which seems to be a total loss of the intrinsic value of
nature in the urban context – a natural presence that has an
important aesthetic, perceptive and usage value for the
inhabitants of urban settings. In this paper, we try to evaluate
the presented elements of the natural environment in an
urban context, especially with regard to the city with its public
aspects, and public spaces that constitute the very essence of
urban life.

Ključne riječi

urban society; nature; green areas in cities

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