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Racial Legislation in the Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany and Ustasha Independent State of Croatia

Robert Blažević ; Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Rijeci
Amina Alijagić ; Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Rijeci

Puni tekst: hrvatski pdf 828 Kb

str. 879-916

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The authors analyse the nature of fascist and Nazi governing movements as well as Pavelic’s regime in the Independent State of Croatia. Italian fascism advocates the establishment of community as a unique and organically divided state and German Nazism guarantees the unity of the nation, i.e. Aryan race, with blood and soil (Blut und Boden Ideologie). Every single element of liberal organisation of government and society is erased in enumerated dictatorships. The Independent State of Croatia, contrary to totalitarian regimes in Germany and Italy, had a minimal support among citizens. Due to that fact, it is a tyranny on political and executive level. The article gives a comparison of racial laws that radically dehumanised and exterminated certain categories of people: these who did not possess “deutsches oder artverwandtes Blut” (German law), “razza italiana” (Italian law) or “Aryan origine” (Croatian law). More to the point, the authors make an effort to show that Ustasha officials adopted almost the complete state legislation to the German and Italian one. Consequently, the adjustment was made in regard to legal provisions governing the national and racial exclusivity. For that purpose, the authors had translated Italian and German racial laws and also gave a presentation of their content. It is possible to notice a similarity between titles of the laws, for example: Norms on Protection of Italian Race (Provvedimenti per la difesa della razza Italiana); The Law on Protection of German Blood and Honour (Gesetz zum Schutze des deutschen Blutes und der deutschen Ehre); Legislative Provision on Protection of Aryan Blood and Honour of Croatian People.

Ključne riječi

racial discrimination, fascism, Nazism, Ustasha movement, racial legislation

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