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Preliminary communication

https://doi.org/10.15644/asc55/2/9

Relationship Between Halitosis and Periodontitis: a Pilot Study

Larisa Musić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-2946-2124 ; Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gundulićeva 5, Zagreb, Croatia
Matej Par orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-2846-1840 ; Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gundulićeva 5, Zagreb, Croatia
Jasna Peručić ; Undergraduate student, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gundulićeva 5, Zagreb, Croatia
Ana Badovinac ; Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gundulićeva 5, Zagreb, Croatia
Darije Plančak ; Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gundulićeva 5, Zagreb, Croatia
Ivan Puhar ; Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gundulićeva 5, Zagreb, Croatia


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Abstract

Objective: Halitosis, or oral malodour, is an unpleasant smell emanating from the oral cavity. It is a common complaint among patients with periodontitis, however, their relationship is not fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the association between halitosis measures, clinical indicators of periodontitis and tongue coating, as well as a novel measure, periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA). Material and methods: Data of 10 patients with periodontitis and halitosis were included in this study. Halitosis was assessed by the organoleptic method and the portable sulphide monitor, measuring volatiles sulphur compounds. A comprehensive periodontal examination was conducted, and the parameters of probing depth, gingival recession, clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, plaque and tongue coating were registered. The PISA was calculated using clinical attachment level, gingival recession and bleeding on probing. Results: A correlation between organoleptic score and tongue coating (r=0.554) and plaque (r=0.614) could be observed. No correlation between measures of halitosis and probing depth or the PISA could be detected. A significant correlation was found between organoleptic scores and volatiles sulphur compounds values (r=0.931). Conclusion: This pilot study has shown and further reiterated a complex interplay between different factors causative to halitosis in patients affected by periodontitis. The results suggest that tongue coating and oral hygiene may have an important role in halitosis in patients with periodontitis.

Keywords

Periodontal pocket; Oral Hygiene; Halitosis; Periodontitis; Tongue

Hrčak ID:

258873

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/258873

Publication date:

15.6.2021.

Article data in other languages: croatian

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