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Original scientific paper

Diachronic aspects of writing of single and double quotation marks in the Croatian language

Tomislav Stojanov orcid id ; Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje

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page 59-101

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A paper on diachronic aspects of writing of single and double quotation marks is the first part of the study on quotation characters in the Croatian language. Based on a search of old manuscripts and printed texts written in the Croatian language, primary codification books and secondary literature sources, we tried to present the usage and meaning of the quotation marks. The theoretical framework under which this research has been conducted can be attributed as the grapholinguistic or orthographologic one. The aim was to draw conclusions about their historical development and relationship with today’s standardization practice.
It resulted in 11 various quotation mark pairs, of which six are hapax legomena, and the remaining five of which are present in modern Croatian orthographic handbooks. Although many consider „quotation marks” traditional Croatian quotation mark forms, they are only present after Boranić (1930), who ended 150 years of the continuous use of „quotation marks“ in Croatian ortho­graphic books. As opposed to the first quotation marks, which appeared in Šilobod’s Aritmetika (1758), single quotation marks came much later with Kušar (1889). Eight single quotation mark pairs were found, of which two are hapax legomena, with six total meanings.
Twenty-one meanings of quotation marks are described and categorized, of which eighteen are used in Croatian orthographic books from Kratki navuk and Uputjenje (both from 1779) to the Institute of Croatian Language and Linguistics’ 2013 Hrvatski pravopis. Croatian orthographic books describe rules for eleven of them in a number of meanings ranging from four (Tutavac and Anić—Silić) to ten (Cipra—Klaić).


Croatian language orthography, punctuation, single and double quotation marks

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