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Original scientific paper

Multilevel Modeling of the Egalitarian Syndrome: Introducing a Brief SEMA-5 Scale

Ivan Rimac orcid id ; Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb
Ivan Burić ; Division of Communication Studies, University Department for Croatian Studies, University of Zagreb
Aleksandar Štulhofer orcid id ; Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb

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page 64-79

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The Egalitarian Syndrome theory (Županov, 1970) was recently operationalized and tested using county-level development indices (Štulhofer and Burić, 2015; Burić and Štulhofer, 2016). To address whether the popular support for radical egalitarian attitudes can be better explained by pointing to the persistence of agrarian norms – as originally suggested by Josip Županov – or to the costs of post-communist transition, another recent paper employed a historical county-level analysis (Vuković, Štulhofer, and Burić, 2017). Stronger evidence was found in favor of the first than the second explanation. This study re-assessed the evidence using a more comprehensive and statistically robust approach (multilevel modeling). In addition to corroborating the evidence supporting the persistence of agrarian norms hypothesis, the authors present a brief 5-item measure of egalitarian syndrome (SEMA-5) as an analytical tool suitable for a wide range of social science surveys.


Egalitarian Syndrome, Josip Županov, SEMA-5, Validation, Methodology

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