Incidence of Complications in Patients Treated with Plaster Splints in Emergency Departments in Four Hospitals
; GH Našice
Harolt Placento ; GH Našice
Zvjezdana Gvozdanović ; GH Našice
Marijana Neuberg ; Sjever University
Mario Djuran ; GH Varaždin
Kristina Tičić ; GH Našice
Aim: 1. To determine the frequency of complications in patients treated with plaster splint at emergency departments.
2. To determine the existence of correlation of complications in patients treated with a plaster splint at emergency departments with prior work experience in surgical plaster rooms.
Hypothesis: Frequency of complications in patients treated with plaster splints at emergency departments whose immobilization is performed by nurses with prior work experience in surgical plaster rooms is lower than in patients whose immobilization is performed by nurses educated for the needs of plastering at emergency departments.
Materials and methods: Research - April and May 2015, at Našice General Hospital, University Hospital Centre Osijek, Čakovec County Hospital and Dr. Tomislav Bardek Koprivnica General Hospital. Sample - 153 patients and 34 nurses. Research instruments - two anonymous questionnaires created for the purposes of research. Descriptive and nonparametric statistical data analysis has been applied with α = 0.05 level of significance.
Results: pressure sores of different intensity are present in 8.9% of the second group respondents. This complication is not present in the first group. Plaster splints in the first group are adequate in 86.7% of cases, while they are not adequate in 59% of the cases in the second group.
Conclusion: The hypothesis has been confirmed.
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