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Original scientific paper

Ragusan Cartography of the Close of the Seventeenth Century

Stjepan Ćosić ; Hrvatskii studiji Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Nikola Glamuzina ; Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Splitu, Split, Hrvatska

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page 199-251

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The article examines the context of the origin, authorship and content of cartographic and geographic sources of Dubrovnik provenance, which include manuscript works from a roughly same period, end of the seventeenth century, when the political situation in South-East Europe witnessed a radical change. Dubrovnik Republic showed little interest in making and editing maps of its own territory whereby potential invaders might gain access to ʻlocal knowledgeʼ. That explains why there were no official cartographers or cartographic workshops in Dubrovnik. The manuscript geographic manual of Europe from 1694, kept at the Institute for Historical Sciences HAZU in Dubrovnik, draws upon the already anachronistic Ptolemaic tradition, as a concise compilation of popular works of similar nature. Seven maps of the Dubrovnik Republic and hinterland are also the fruit of the Late-Humanistic perceptions of the local amateur ʻschoolʼ. The maps are not based on accurate survey or mathematical calculation (cartographic coordinates, projections and scales), and their authors should probably be sought among the Republic inner circle officials. As the maps were used for internal purposes, their multiplication was not considered. The content of the maps, clearly drawn boundaries and a multitude of place names may lead to an assumption that they were made at the time of the Carlowitz Treaty in 1699, when the Ragusan diplomacy battled vigorously for a continuous border with the Ottoman Empire in the hinterland. Although Ragusan maps cannot compare technically with the printed works of the famous contemporaries, the representation of the Republicʼs inner area and the immediate hinterland in some of its elements (a vast array of place names, hydrographic network and coastline) by far surpass the works of the famous cartographers. Considering that the maps are not based on field survey, the presentation of the wider hinterland features numerous distortions and serious errors in the plotting of toponyms, yet whose impressive number remains a cartographic novelty


Dubrovnik Republic, Manuscript Maps, Republic of Venice, Cartography of 17th Century, Southeast Europe, Great Turkish War, Sanson, Cantelli, Coronelli, Toponymy

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