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Review article

Democratic school leadership: Analysis of current researches and open issues

Monika Pažur orcid id ; Faculty of Teacher Education, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Vesna Kovač orcid id ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Rijeka, Croatia

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page 33-60

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The development of the modern democratic society depends upon the successful integration of main democratic values in all its spheres, including education. Schools are faced with these challenges as well. The main role in the process of school change is given to the school principal, who is the leader of every innovation in school (Fullan, 2005; 2007; Bush, Middlewood, 2013; Pont, Nusch, Moorman, 2008; Stein, 2015). One out of many types of school leadership is called democratic school leadership. One of the goals of such leadership is the development of school culture that is based on democratic values and practices. Further on, the development of democratic school leadership opens an opportunity for students and teachers to gain knowledge an develop skills needed for them to become active citizens in their communities. The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the existing literature in the field of democratic school leadership. Special focus is on the theoretical and practical operationalization of the democratic school leadership as it is presented the literature. Further, we shall analyze the possible answers to the questions of why and how to develop the democratic school leadership, and what is its role in the development of the democratic school community.


democratic school leadership, democratic values, shared leadership, school principal, school culture

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