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Professional paper

FUNCTION OF FOOD ADDITIVES IN CHOCOLATE PRODUCTION

Veronika Barišić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-8185-5155 ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Drago Šubarić ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
Midhat Jašić ; Faculty of Technology Tuzla, Univerzitetska 8, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jurislav Babić ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia


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Abstract

Chocolate is a complex product that has a specific texture. This complexity is due to the interactions between the ingredients used in production: cocoa butter, cocoa mass and sugar. Sugar gives bulk to chocolate and any change in the recipe changes the textural properties of the chocolate. Recently, there has been considerable production of low-sugar chocolates using other bulking agents and sweeteners. Some of the most common are isomalt, maltitol, lactitol, polydextrose etc. Emulsifiers that have been used in chocolate production almost from the beginning are also responsible for its texture and rheological properties. They reduce the interaction between the solid particles and increase the lipophilicity of the sugar particles. Lecithin and polyglycerol polyricinoleate are most commonly used, but some other emulsifiers have also been reported in production.

Keywords

food additives; chocolate; emulsifiers; sweeteners

Hrčak ID:

230172

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/230172

Publication date:

17.12.2019.

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