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Original scientific paper

https://doi.org/10.31298/sl.144.3-4.4

Research of mechanical damage on fir trees and other tree species during exploitation – Case forestry “Glamoč“

Velid Halilović orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-4007-121X ; Faculty of Forestry, University of Sarajevo, BiH
Jusuf Musić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0003-2408-3077 ; Faculty of Forestry, University of Sarajevo, BiH
Jelena Knežević ; Faculty of Forestry, University of Sarajevo, BiH
Mario Šarić ; Forest-Management Company “Hercegbosanskešume” ltd Kupres, BiH
Besim Balić ; Faculty of Forestry, University of Sarajevo, BiH
Dalibor Ballian ; Faculty of Forestry, University of Sarajevo, BiH


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Abstract

Mechanisation used in forest utilisation has an impact on the occurrence of damage in stand and on forest land. The research in this work had the objective of determining damage on fir trees and other tree species during felling and processing of trees and their skidding using the forest cable-skidder. The research wasconducted in mixed beech and fir forests in the area of FMA “Glamočko”, M.U. “Hrbinje-Kujača”. The following data were gathered on damaged trees: tree type, breast height diameter, economic importance of the tree, amount of damage, location of damage, cause of damage, types of damage. Damage was recorded on a total of 305 trees, 133 trees of silver fir (Abies alba), 130 trees of European beech (Fagus sylvatica), 33 trees of European spruce (Picea abies), 8 trees of rowan/mountain-ash (Sorbusaucuparia) and one tree of sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus). The overall damage intensity was 18.7%, but together with the old damages, the overall number of ‘wounds’ is 496. According to this, when the old damage isalso considered, then the intensity of damage amounts to 30.6%. The largest amount of damage is in the diameter sub-class ranging from 10 to 14.99 cm. According to the cause of damage, the largest amount of damage occurred during the wood extraction phase (217 trees), while during the felling phase, 88 trees or 29% were damaged. Since the wood extraction phase is divided into the winching and skidding phases, the total number of damaged trees during the winching phase amounted to 157 or 52%, while during the skidding phase, the number of damaged trees was 60 or 19%. To reduce damage to the trees during following operations in forest utilisation, it is necessary to perform more frequent training of all employees working on forest utilisation, to increase controls in execution of operations during forest utilisation, modernise machines used during forest exploitation, and in quality manner open compartments with forest road infrastructure.

Keywords

fir, trees, felling, wood extraction, damage

Hrčak ID:

237629

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/237629

Article data in other languages: croatian

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