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Original scientific paper

A Hibrid EU Response to Russia’s Politicization of Gas Trade Aimed At Energy Security Strenghtening

Jelena Radić Đozić orcid id ; Ministry of Interior Affairs

Full text: croatian pdf 375 Kb

page 157-181

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In the 21st century the European Union is adapting to the politicization of its gas trade with the Russian Federation with a hybrid model: a mixture of different measures. In order to prevent, or at least to mitigate, Russian use of gas trade in a realistic power politics, the EU is responding with measures which are digressing from the economic perspective, especially free-market one, and getting closer to the political perspective. Non-market responses have become unavoidable primarily due to bringing the political element into a foreign trade relationship. Based on the analysis of the EU’s responses to the threat, which has originated from the Russian politicization of gas trade, it is possible to follow the incremental transformation of the EU liberal-economic identity into an increasingly geopolitical one in a world that is becoming increasingly realistic, both in the energy field and in international affairs in general. The European Union has included concepts of solidarity and sovereignty in its energy policy, yet according to the EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the EU has to “learn to use the language of power again”.


Russian Federation, European Union, Gas Trade, Politicization, Geopolitical Identity, Solidarity, Sovereignty

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