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Original scientific paper

https://doi.org/10.15644/asc56/3/3

Predictors of Dental Fear and Anxiety in 9-12-year-old Children in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Elmedin Bajrić ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sedin Kobašlija ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Amina Huseinbegović ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Amila Zukanović ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Nina Marković ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mediha Selimović-Dragaš ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Amra Arslanagić ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lajla Hasić-Branković ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Selma Zukić ; Faculty of Dentistry with Clinics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina


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Abstract

Objectives: Oral health in children is additionally burdened with the presence of dental fear and anxiety (DFA). These clinical psychologic entities in their progressive stages inevitably lead to avoidance of dental appointments, which makes prevention and therapy of oral diseases more difficult. Upon the onset of DFA in general, as one of the emotional outcomes of stress in a dental office, most children patients could define the specific stressors that were most intense for them, which could predict the presence of DFA. Aim: To examine the predictors of DFA presence in 9-12 year-old children, and investigate how they could explain the DFA occurrence in study participants. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 200 children aged from 9 to 12 years. The DFA presence was determined by the modified version of the CFSS-DS scale. The child’s behavior in the dental office during the treatment was evaluated by the trained observer using Venham anxiety and behavior rating scales. Socioeconomic status, characteristics of dental office visits, and previous caries experience were also analyzed. Results: The main DFA predictors were related to invasive dental treatments, where the behavior during dental treatment was the most accurate expression of the DFA appearance. Conclusions: Invasive dental procedures are the main stressful factor for DFA occurrence. Predisposing factors could strengthen the DFA occurrence.

Keywords

Dental Anxiety; Causality; Child; Dental Fear and Anxiety; Determinants; Predictors

Hrčak ID:

283923

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/283923

Publication date:

29.9.2022.

Article data in other languages: croatian

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