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Review article

A Literature Analysis on Environmental Impacts and Relevant International Legislation of Shipyards

Volkan Şahin orcid id ; Van Yuzuncu Yil University Maritime Faculty, Department of Marine Engineering Van, Türkiye
Levent Bilgili orcid id ; Bandirma Onyedi Eylul University Maritime Faculty, Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Balikesir, Türkiye

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Shipyards are the place where the life cycle of a ship begins and ends. The life cycle of a ship, which starts with painting, blasting, and welding processes during the construction, is completed with the recycling of the steel parts and other equipment after the ship is scrapped. In this study, the harmful waste generated during the construction and recycling of ships in the shipyard and the environmental damage caused by this waste were investigated through a literature analysis. The content, implementation procedures and development processes of the relevant regulations are also examined. To fully evaluate the cumulative and holistic environmental impacts of shipyard processes, it is recommended to make greater use of the life cycle assessment approach. In this way, it will be possible to determine which process is more environmentally harmful during the shipbuilding, operation, and recycling phases, and to accurately determine the overall impact.


shipyard emissions; shipyard legislation; ship dismantling; ship recycling; life cycle assessment

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