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Original scientific paper

Medieval Glass from Varaždin

Marina Šimek ; Varaždin City Museum, Archaeological Department, Varaždin, Croatia

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (7 MB) pages 307-324 downloads: 1.404* cite
APA 6th Edition
Šimek, M. (2010). Srednjovjekovno staklo iz Varaždina. Archaeologia Adriatica, 4. (1.), 307-324. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Šimek, Marina. "Srednjovjekovno staklo iz Varaždina." Archaeologia Adriatica, vol. 4., no. 1., 2010, pp. 307-324. Accessed 5 Dec. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Šimek, Marina. "Srednjovjekovno staklo iz Varaždina." Archaeologia Adriatica 4., no. 1. (2010): 307-324.
Šimek, M. (2010). 'Srednjovjekovno staklo iz Varaždina', Archaeologia Adriatica, 4.(1.), pp. 307-324. Available at: (Accessed 05 December 2020)
Šimek M. Srednjovjekovno staklo iz Varaždina. Archaeologia Adriatica [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2020 December 05];4.(1.):307-324. Available from:
M. Šimek, "Srednjovjekovno staklo iz Varaždina", Archaeologia Adriatica, vol.4., no. 1., pp. 307-324, 2010. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 05 December 2020]

The archaeological excavations in the very nucleus of the city of Varaždin resulted in numerous and diverse material bearing witness to the manner of existence, trade, customs, and the lifestyle standards of citizens from the 15th to the 19th centuries. The medieval glass, distinguished from several hundred glass finds, comes from various sites in the city. These consists primarily of fragments, while only two bottles were complete, and one beaker was missing the upper section. Glass vessels of various forms and purposes can be assigned according to the typological characteristics to several groups: biconical flasks, bottle of the kuttrolf type, conical smooth beakers and conical optically blown beakers, krautstrunk type beakers, and footed goblets. A special group is composed of window glass, represented by oculi, while for one object the function has not yet been determined. The analysis and dating of the glass from Varaždin are based on typological features and comparisons with similar finds from other contexts, since generally speaking the products of the European workshops cannot be distinguished in terms of form and purpose, rather the quality of the glass and manner of execution are recognizable for given production centers. The stratigraphic position of some of the finds was important for their dating, and hence the krautstrunk beaker found at the vase of the defensive ditch of the castle (Stari Grad) was dated to the 15th century on the basis of the other finds from the stratum. The medieval glass from Varaždin belongs to the period from the beginning of the 15th to the second half of the 16th centuries, and according to the color, the quality of the glass, and its workmanship, its origin can be sought in the glass workshops of Venice (biconical flasks, conical beakers, footed goblets), Budapest (biconical flasks, oculi), and the German forest glassworks (kuttrolf bottles, krautstrunk beakers). It is also possible that high quality products made "a façon de Venise" could have been manufactured in some central European glass production centers.

glass; biconical flasks; conical beakers; krautstrunk; kutrolf; oculus; late Middle Ages; Varaždin; rescue excavation; urban archaeology

Hrčak ID: 73180



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