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Original scientific paper

The Madii: an Example of the Family of the Dalmatian Urban Elite in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries

Zrinka Nikolić

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (627 KB) pages 1-24 downloads: 1.518* cite
APA 6th Edition
Nikolić, Z. (2005). Madijevci: primjer obitelji dalmatinske gradske elite u desetom i jedanaestom stoljeću. Zbornik Odsjeka za povijesne znanosti Zavoda za povijesne i društvene znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti, 23, 1-24. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/7444
MLA 8th Edition
Nikolić, Zrinka. "Madijevci: primjer obitelji dalmatinske gradske elite u desetom i jedanaestom stoljeću." Zbornik Odsjeka za povijesne znanosti Zavoda za povijesne i društvene znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti, vol. 23, 2005, pp. 1-24. https://hrcak.srce.hr/7444. Accessed 28 Sep. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Nikolić, Zrinka. "Madijevci: primjer obitelji dalmatinske gradske elite u desetom i jedanaestom stoljeću." Zbornik Odsjeka za povijesne znanosti Zavoda za povijesne i društvene znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti 23 (2005): 1-24. https://hrcak.srce.hr/7444
Harvard
Nikolić, Z. (2005). 'Madijevci: primjer obitelji dalmatinske gradske elite u desetom i jedanaestom stoljeću', Zbornik Odsjeka za povijesne znanosti Zavoda za povijesne i društvene znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti, 23, pp. 1-24. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7444 (Accessed 28 September 2020)
Vancouver
Nikolić Z. Madijevci: primjer obitelji dalmatinske gradske elite u desetom i jedanaestom stoljeću. Zbornik Odsjeka za povijesne znanosti Zavoda za povijesne i društvene znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2020 September 28];23:1-24. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7444
IEEE
Z. Nikolić, "Madijevci: primjer obitelji dalmatinske gradske elite u desetom i jedanaestom stoljeću", Zbornik Odsjeka za povijesne znanosti Zavoda za povijesne i društvene znanosti Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti, vol.23, pp. 1-24, 2005. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7444. [Accessed: 28 September 2020]

Abstracts
The Madii were the leading family of Zadar, the capital of the Byzantine theme of Dalmatia, from the late tenth until the end of the eleventh century. They can be regarded as an example of, but also in a certain way as an exception to, families of the Dalmatian urban elite in the tenth and the eleventh centuries. Their family structure (especially the importance of female members in the second half of the eleventh century) reveals that they did not have a firmly-structured noble lineage such as those of the families who were to hold power in the Dalmatian towns in later centuries. Such a flexible family structure perhaps could be regarded as especially useful in those times when the positions of power were not strictly inheritable – the urban elite was not a totally closed group in which the position of an individual was automatically guaranteed at his/her birth. Like other families, the Madii leaned on the support of the extended family circle in ensuring the preservation of their leading position in the community. Through the successful cooperation of family members, they managed to obtain the highest secular and spiritual posts in Zadar in the first half of the eleventh century. In securing their position they relied on good relations with ecclesiastical institutions as well as on economic wealth. They also managed to make successful affinal connections with the Croatian royal family in the hinterland. It seems, too, that they were the only Dalmatian family at this time who had the ambition to expand the authority of Zadar’s priors outside the local context, first over the territory of central Dalmatia (the towns of Trogir and Split), and then even perhaps over the whole territory of the theme of Dalmatia. However, these plans were thwarted by historical circumstances, which were leading to the gradual disintegration of Dalmatia. The Byzantine Empire, which could not stop the slow declination of its own power in Dalmatia, had just enough strength to prevent the appearance of a semi-dependent local dynasty, similar to those in contemporary Italy. The attempt of the Madii thus failed. Although after a few decades they recovered, they did not manage to impose their authority in such a manner as they could in the first half of the eleventh century. In the second half of the century other families of Zadar ensured that their monopolisation of power would not be repeated again.

Keywords
the Madii; Zadar; Byzantine Dalmatia; Early Middle Ages; family structure; urban elites

Hrčak ID: 7444

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/7444

[croatian]

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