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Croatian traditional national costume of Našice area
; Department of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (1 MB)
Petrović, T. (1993). Hrvatska tradicijska nošnja našičkog kraja. Studia ethnologica Croatica, 5(1), 95-116. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/75663
This study represents an introduction to a more systematic research of the traditional national costumes of Našice area. There has been no written recordings on attire customs of the area up to the present moment. Našice and pertaining villages are situated in the middle of Slavonia (Croatia), between two rivers the Sava and the Drava.
The study has been based on the field data and preserved photos of the women, men and children s garments, whenever possible. The majority of the data is referring to the period from the beginning of the century to World War II. Small number of data on the last century attire have been mentioned as well. The research comprises also the study of the old Croatian settlements, inhabited by the Croats Catholics, who are calling themselves Šokci.
The introductory part of the work discusses the raw materials for the textiles (flax, hemp, wool), types and techniques of weaving, customary decorating of the ready, woven cloth. In short, according to the data from Vukojevci village, the cultivating and processing of flax, i. e. from sowing to weaving, have been described, and as it seems there has been no description yet in the expert literature on the subject. Similar or even the same procedures and terms in processing of flax have been in use in other villages of the area. The study emphasizes the role of cloth for the well being and material life standards of particular families and marriageable young maidens in the history of the area. Particular stress has been put on the role of the cloth in wedding and funeral ceremonies.
The description of the traditional national costume of the women relies mainly on the data from three villages Šaptinovci, Koska and Donja Motičina. The costumes are made of home made as well as from the bought material and consist of several parts shirt oplećak, underskirt krilca or skutići, and of skirt and apron. These are the garments completing the national costume i. e. narodna nošnja, the terms differing from the terms describing the clothing pieces of every day (made of bought materials and made to the town fashion). In the period between the wars and nowadays, the costume has been worn only in most ceremonial (formal) occasions (church and state holidays, folklore performances).
A special chapter is dealing with the maiden s hair styling and the forms of the head gear of the married women.
The national costume of men of the Našice area is a typical Pannonian attire. It consists of the shirt, called rubina and trousers gace, sawn from home made cloth
textile handicraft; traditional custom; Našice region
Hrčak ID: 75663
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