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https://doi.org/10.7305/automatika.53-2.192

A Review of the Main Power Electronics’ Advances in Order to Ensure Efficient Operation and Durability of PEMFCs

Carlos Restrepo ; Departamento d’Enginyeria Electrònica, Elèctrica i Automàtica, Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Avda. Països Catalans 26, Campus Sescelades, 43007, Tarragona, Spain
Tine Konjedic ; Faculty of electrical engineering and computer science, University of Maribor, Smetanova ulica 17, 2000, Maribor, Slovenia
Javier Calvente ; Departamento d’Enginyeria Electrònica, Elèctrica i Automàtica, Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Avda. Països Catalans 26, Campus Sescelades, 43007, Tarragona, Spain
Roberto Giral   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-6582-6741 ; Departamento d’Enginyeria Electrònica, Elèctrica i Automàtica, Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Avda. Països Catalans 26, Campus Sescelades, 43007, Tarragona, Spain

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (818 KB) str. 184-198 preuzimanja: 753* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Restrepo, C., Konjedic, T., Calvente, J. i Giral, R. (2012). A Review of the Main Power Electronics’ Advances in Order to Ensure Efficient Operation and Durability of PEMFCs. Automatika, 53 (2), 184-198. https://doi.org/10.7305/automatika.53-2.192
MLA 8th Edition
Restrepo, Carlos, et al. "A Review of the Main Power Electronics’ Advances in Order to Ensure Efficient Operation and Durability of PEMFCs." Automatika, vol. 53, br. 2, 2012, str. 184-198. https://doi.org/10.7305/automatika.53-2.192. Citirano 25.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Restrepo, Carlos, Tine Konjedic, Javier Calvente i Roberto Giral. "A Review of the Main Power Electronics’ Advances in Order to Ensure Efficient Operation and Durability of PEMFCs." Automatika 53, br. 2 (2012): 184-198. https://doi.org/10.7305/automatika.53-2.192
Harvard
Restrepo, C., et al. (2012). 'A Review of the Main Power Electronics’ Advances in Order to Ensure Efficient Operation and Durability of PEMFCs', Automatika, 53(2), str. 184-198. https://doi.org/10.7305/automatika.53-2.192
Vancouver
Restrepo C, Konjedic T, Calvente J, Giral R. A Review of the Main Power Electronics’ Advances in Order to Ensure Efficient Operation and Durability of PEMFCs. Automatika [Internet]. 2012 [pristupljeno 25.10.2021.];53(2):184-198. https://doi.org/10.7305/automatika.53-2.192
IEEE
C. Restrepo, T. Konjedic, J. Calvente i R. Giral, "A Review of the Main Power Electronics’ Advances in Order to Ensure Efficient Operation and Durability of PEMFCs", Automatika, vol.53, br. 2, str. 184-198, 2012. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.7305/automatika.53-2.192

Sažetak
This article focuses on the main issues that affect the lifetime and performance of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells. The short lifespans of these fuel cells represent a barrier to their massive commercialization and usage in mobile and stationary applications. As fuel cell is a very complex system, a lot of knowledge of different areas is required, such as chemistry, electricity and mechanics, in order to completely understand its operation and all the problems that can occur during it. It is for this reason that an interdisciplinary approach needs to be taken when designing fuel-cell energy systems. This paper focuses on identifying and solving those issues that negatively affect the lifetime and performance of fuel cells. It is hoped that this article would be a valuable aid for power electronics’ researchers and engineers for better understanding the presented issues and a useful guide for solving them with the use of proper power electronic-devices. Initially, the basic operation and structure of a proton-exchange membrane fuel cell is explained. Three main issues that can occur during operation of a mobile or stationary fuel cell energy system are pointed out and discussed in details, on the basis of the state-of-the-art on fuel cell technology. These issues are poor water management, reactant gas starvation and fuel cell current ripple. This article provides answers as to why they occur, how they affect the fuel cell, how they can be mitigated, and what are the future trends within this research field.

Ključne riječi
PEMFC; Water management; Reactant gas starvation; Current ripple; Power electronics

Hrčak ID: 84026

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/84026

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.104 *