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ON THE DERIVATIVE OF SMOOTH MEANINGFUL FUNCTIONS
; Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (221 KB)
APA 6th Edition
Zlobec, S. (2011). ON THE DERIVATIVE OF SMOOTH MEANINGFUL FUNCTIONS. Croatian Operational Research Review, 2 (1), 3-3. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/96599
MLA 8th Edition
Zlobec, Sanjo. "ON THE DERIVATIVE OF SMOOTH MEANINGFUL FUNCTIONS." Croatian Operational Research Review, vol. 2, br. 1, 2011, str. 3-3. https://hrcak.srce.hr/96599. Citirano 23.02.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Zlobec, Sanjo. "ON THE DERIVATIVE OF SMOOTH MEANINGFUL FUNCTIONS." Croatian Operational Research Review 2, br. 1 (2011): 3-3. https://hrcak.srce.hr/96599
Zlobec, S. (2011). 'ON THE DERIVATIVE OF SMOOTH MEANINGFUL FUNCTIONS', Croatian Operational Research Review, 2(1), str. 3-3. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/96599 (Datum pristupa: 23.02.2019.)
Zlobec S. ON THE DERIVATIVE OF SMOOTH MEANINGFUL FUNCTIONS. Croatian Operational Research Review [Internet]. 2011 [pristupljeno 23.02.2019.];2(1):3-3. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/96599
S. Zlobec, "ON THE DERIVATIVE OF SMOOTH MEANINGFUL FUNCTIONS", Croatian Operational Research Review, vol.2, br. 1, str. 3-3, 2011. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/96599. [Citirano: 23.02.2019.]
The derivative of a function f in n variables at a point x* is one of the most important tools in mathematical modelling. If this object exists, it is represented by the row n-tuple f(x*) = [∂f/∂xi(x*)] called the gradient of f at x*, abbreviated: “the gradient”. The evaluation of f(x*) is usually done in two stages, first by calculating the n partials and then their values at x = x*. In this talk we give an alternative approach. We show that one can characterize the gradient without differentiation! The idea is to fix an arbitrary row n-tuple G and answer
the following question: What is a necessary and sufficient condition such that G is the gradient of a given f at a given x*? The answer is given after adjusting the quadratic envelope property introduced in .
We work with smooth, i.e., continuously differentiable, functions with a Lipschitz derivative on a compact convex set with a non-empty interior. Working with this class of functions is not a serious restriction. In fact,
loosely speaking, “almost all” smooth meaningful functions used in modelling of real life situations are expected to have a bounded “acceleration” hence they belong to this class. In particular, the class contains all twice differentiable functions . An important property of the functions from this class is that every f can be represented as the difference of some convex function and a convex quadratic function. This decomposition was used in  to characterize the zero derivative points. There we obtained reformulations and augmentations of some well known classic results on optimality such as Fermats extreme value theorem (known from high school) and the Lagrange multiplier theorem from calculus [2, 3]. In this talk we extend
the results on zero derivative points to characterize the relation G = f(x*), where G is an arbitrary n-tuple. Some special cases: If G = O, we recover the results on zero derivative points. For functions of a single
variable on I = [a, b], the choice G = [f(b) – f(a)]/(b – a) yields characterizations of points c where the instantaneous and average rates of change coincide , etc. The celebrated mean value theorem  claims that at least one such point c exists but it does not characterize it. These ideas are illustrated by examples and a photograph of an overpass in Beijing. A successful implementation of the new approach requires familiarity with the basic theory of infinite sequences.
 Floudas, C. A. and C. E. Gounaris: An overview of advances in global optimization during 2003-2008,” a chapter in the book Lectures on Global Optimization (P. M. Pardalos and T. F. Coleman, editors), Fields Institute Communications, v. 55 (2009) 105-154.
 Neralić, L. and B. Šego, B.: Matematika, Element, Zagreb, 2009.
 Characterizing zero-derivative points, J. Global Optimization 46 (2010) 155-161. (Published on line: 2 July 2009.)
 On the behaviour of functions around zero-derivative points, Int. J. Optimization: Theory, Methods and Applications 1 (2009) 329-340.
mathematical modelling; derivative
Hrčak ID: 96599
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