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Genetic Traceability of Chicken Breeds

Massino De Marchi
Chiara Targhetta
Barbara Contiero
Martino Cassandro

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (194 KB) str. 255-259 preuzimanja: 495* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
De Marchi, M., Targhetta, C., Contiero, B. i Cassandro, M. (2003). Genetic Traceability of Chicken Breeds. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 68 (4), 255-259. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
De Marchi, Massino, et al. "Genetic Traceability of Chicken Breeds." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol. 68, br. 4, 2003, str. 255-259. Citirano 22.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
De Marchi, Massino, Chiara Targhetta, Barbara Contiero i Martino Cassandro. "Genetic Traceability of Chicken Breeds." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 68, br. 4 (2003): 255-259.
De Marchi, M., et al. (2003). 'Genetic Traceability of Chicken Breeds', Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 68(4), str. 255-259. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 22.10.2021.)
De Marchi M, Targhetta C, Contiero B, Cassandro M. Genetic Traceability of Chicken Breeds. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus [Internet]. 2003 [pristupljeno 22.10.2021.];68(4):255-259. Dostupno na:
M. De Marchi, C. Targhetta, B. Contiero i M. Cassandro, "Genetic Traceability of Chicken Breeds", Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol.68, br. 4, str. 255-259, 2003. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 22.10.2021.]

Aims of this study were to apply AFLP markers to assess the genetic diversity and to define a marker-assisted traceability system in local chicken breeds. Data were based on 107 cocks of three different local chicken breeds from Veneto region (Italy): Robusta (PRR: n=54), Pepoi (PPP: n=33) and Padovana (PPD: n=20). Chickens were individually identified at birth with wing tag and reared in four different herds using a free-range system. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood and AFLP analysis was performed according to the protocol described in Barcaccia et al. (1998). Values of expected heterozygosity (H) and polymorphism information content (PIC) at AFLP loci were calculated for each breed. Genetic similarities of all possible pairs of genotypes were estimates using a Jaccard index; the values obtained were subsequently used in a factorial analysis in order to define latent variables which explain the whole genetic similarity relation system between individuals. The average PIC index within breed was generally low: 24.1% for PRR, 23.6% for PPD and 17.2% for PPP. The average heterozygosities of the three breeds for all markers were 29.5% for PRR and PPD and 21.3% for PPP. In the majority of cases (from 90% to 100% of individuals within breed), marker-assisted traceability system used in this research correctly identified the breed of cocks. Hence, results are promising to identify biological tissue (meat, gamets, embryo, etc.) from these local chicken breeds. However, the method used in this study should be improved in terms of cost reduction for single sample, work effort, reproducibility and accuracy of results obtained.

Ključne riječi
local chicken breeds; genetic markers; AFLP; traceability

Hrčak ID: 12354


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