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Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0010

Carbon gain optimization in five broadleaf deciduous trees in response to light variation within the crown: correlations among morphological, anatomical and physiological leaf traits

Rosangela Catoni ; Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Environmental Biology, P.le A. Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
Loretta Gratani ; Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Environmental Biology, P.le A. Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
Francesco Sartori ; University of Pavia, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Via S. Epifanio 14, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Laura Varone ; Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Environmental Biology, P.le A. Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
Mirko Umberto Granata ; University of Pavia, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Via S. Epifanio 14, 27100 Pavia, Italy

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (341 KB) str. 71-94 preuzimanja: 552* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Catoni, R., Gratani, L., Sartori, F., Varone, L. i Granata, M.U. (2015). Carbon gain optimization in five broadleaf deciduous trees in response to light variation within the crown: correlations among morphological, anatomical and physiological leaf traits. Acta Botanica Croatica, 74 (1), 71-94. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0010
MLA 8th Edition
Catoni, Rosangela, et al. "Carbon gain optimization in five broadleaf deciduous trees in response to light variation within the crown: correlations among morphological, anatomical and physiological leaf traits." Acta Botanica Croatica, vol. 74, br. 1, 2015, str. 71-94. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0010. Citirano 27.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Catoni, Rosangela, Loretta Gratani, Francesco Sartori, Laura Varone i Mirko Umberto Granata. "Carbon gain optimization in five broadleaf deciduous trees in response to light variation within the crown: correlations among morphological, anatomical and physiological leaf traits." Acta Botanica Croatica 74, br. 1 (2015): 71-94. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0010
Harvard
Catoni, R., et al. (2015). 'Carbon gain optimization in five broadleaf deciduous trees in response to light variation within the crown: correlations among morphological, anatomical and physiological leaf traits', Acta Botanica Croatica, 74(1), str. 71-94. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0010
Vancouver
Catoni R, Gratani L, Sartori F, Varone L, Granata MU. Carbon gain optimization in five broadleaf deciduous trees in response to light variation within the crown: correlations among morphological, anatomical and physiological leaf traits. Acta Botanica Croatica [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 27.10.2021.];74(1):71-94. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0010
IEEE
R. Catoni, L. Gratani, F. Sartori, L. Varone i M.U. Granata, "Carbon gain optimization in five broadleaf deciduous trees in response to light variation within the crown: correlations among morphological, anatomical and physiological leaf traits", Acta Botanica Croatica, vol.74, br. 1, str. 71-94, 2015. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0010

Sažetak
Leaf trait variations in five deciduous species (Quercus robur, Corylus avellana, Populus alba, Acer campestre, Robinia pseudoacacia) growing in an old broadleaf deciduous forest in response to light variation within the tree crown was analyzed. Net photosynthetic rate (PN), leaf respiration rate (R) and the photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency were, on average, more than 100% higher in sun than in shade leaves. A. campestre and C. avellana sun leaves had the highest specific leaf area (SLA, 156.0 ± 17.9 cm2 g–1) and the lowest total leaf thickness (L, 101.9 ± 8.8 ?m) underlining their shade-tolerance. Among the shade- intolerant species (Q. robur, P. alba and R. pseudoacacia), Q. robur had the lowest SLA and the highest L in sun leaves (130.6 ± 10.0 cm2 g–1 and 160.8 ± 9.6 ?m, respectively) since shade-intolerant species typically have thicker leaves. The higher PN decrease in respect to R decrease from sun to shade leaves attested the higher sensitivity of PN than R to light variations within the crown. This determined a 69% lower R/PN in sun than in shade leaves. This result is further attested by the significant correlation between PN and the relative photosynthetic photon flux density. The shade-tolerant species have a 76% higher R/PN ratio than the shade-intolerant ones. The measured leaf phenotypic plasticity (PI = 0.35) was in the range of broadleaf deciduous species. Plasticity is a key trait useful to quantify plant response to environmental stimuli. It is defined as the ability of a genotype to produce different phenotypes depending on the environment. Among the considered species, Q. robur showed the highest PI (0.39) and P. alba the lowest (0.29). Knowledge on phenotypic plasticity is important in making hypotheses about the dynamics of the studied forest in consideration of environmental stress factors, including invasive species competition and global climate change.

Ključne riječi
deciduous trees; forest; gas exchange; light gradient; shade tolerance; specific leaf area

Hrčak ID: 137864

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/137864

Posjeta: 896 *