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Soil Compaction and Porosity Changes Caused During the Operation of Timberjack 450C Skidder in Northern Iran

Ahmad Solgi ; University of Guilan Faculty of Natural Resources Department of Forestry 1144 Somehsara, Guilan Province IRAN
Ramin Naghdi ; University of Guilan Faculty of Natural Resources Department of Forestry 1144 Somehsara, Guilan Province IRAN
Petros A. Tsioras ; Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Department of Harvesting and Technology of Forest Products Lab of Forest Utilization 54124 Thessaloniki GREECE
Mehrdad Nikooy ; University of Guilan Faculty of Natural Resources Department of Forestry 1144 Somehsara, Guilan Province IRAN

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 217-225 preuzimanja: 384* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Solgi, A., Naghdi, R., Tsioras, P.A. i Nikooy, M. (2015). Soil Compaction and Porosity Changes Caused During the Operation of Timberjack 450C Skidder in Northern Iran. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 36 (2), 217-225. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/151783
MLA 8th Edition
Solgi, Ahmad, et al. "Soil Compaction and Porosity Changes Caused During the Operation of Timberjack 450C Skidder in Northern Iran." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol. 36, br. 2, 2015, str. 217-225. https://hrcak.srce.hr/151783. Citirano 15.10.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Solgi, Ahmad, Ramin Naghdi, Petros A. Tsioras i Mehrdad Nikooy. "Soil Compaction and Porosity Changes Caused During the Operation of Timberjack 450C Skidder in Northern Iran." Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 36, br. 2 (2015): 217-225. https://hrcak.srce.hr/151783
Harvard
Solgi, A., et al. (2015). 'Soil Compaction and Porosity Changes Caused During the Operation of Timberjack 450C Skidder in Northern Iran', Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 36(2), str. 217-225. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/151783 (Datum pristupa: 15.10.2019.)
Vancouver
Solgi A, Naghdi R, Tsioras PA, Nikooy M. Soil Compaction and Porosity Changes Caused During the Operation of Timberjack 450C Skidder in Northern Iran. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering [Internet]. 2015 [pristupljeno 15.10.2019.];36(2):217-225. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/151783
IEEE
A. Solgi, R. Naghdi, P.A. Tsioras i M. Nikooy, "Soil Compaction and Porosity Changes Caused During the Operation of Timberjack 450C Skidder in Northern Iran", Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, vol.36, br. 2, str. 217-225, 2015. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/151783. [Citirano: 15.10.2019.]

Sažetak
Skidding by means of heavy forestry machinery can affect soil physical properties. We assessed the effects of ground based skidding on soil bulk density and total porosity under the Iranian mountainous forest conditions. Treatments included a combination of four levels of traffic intensity (1, 3, 6, and 15 passes) of a Timberjack 450C rubber skidder and two levels of slope (<20% and >20%). The bulk density was highest in samples taken in the wheel tracks and between them, and decreased towards both ends of the track (0.5 to 4 m). The results showed that bulk density increased with traffic frequency, while total porosity decreased. Average soil bulk density ranged from 0.96 g cm-3 (after one machine pass and slope <20%) up to 1.41 g cm–3 (after 15 machine passes and slope >20%) on the skid trail, while the respective value was 0.7 g cm–3 for the undisturbed area. On compacted soil, total porosity at the 0–10 cm depth decreased by 37% compared with non-compacted soil. The results showed that slope steepness had a strong effect on the soil disturbance, with the critical value for bulk density occurring after 15 machine passes at slope <20% and six machines passes at slope >20%. The impacts of soil compaction could be evidenced in a distance of up to 2 m from the end of the skidding trail. The latter finding suggests that special interest in the form of managerial measures should be taken during the skidding operations in an effort to minimize the adverse effects of ground based skidding on the physical properties of the soil.

Ključne riječi
bulk density; slope; soil compaction; total porosity

Hrčak ID: 151783

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/151783

Posjeta: 494 *