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Effect of lead on heme synthesis

A. Neuberger ; The Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, University of London, London, England

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (7 MB) str. 5-10 preuzimanja: 93* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Neuberger, A. (1975). Effect of lead on heme synthesis. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 26 (Supplement), 5-10. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Neuberger, A.. "Effect of lead on heme synthesis." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol. 26, br. Supplement, 1975, str. 5-10. Citirano 28.02.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Neuberger, A.. "Effect of lead on heme synthesis." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 26, br. Supplement (1975): 5-10.
Neuberger, A. (1975). 'Effect of lead on heme synthesis', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 26(Supplement), str. 5-10. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 28.02.2021.)
Neuberger A. Effect of lead on heme synthesis. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. [Internet]. 1975 [pristupljeno 28.02.2021.];26(Supplement):5-10. Dostupno na:
A. Neuberger, "Effect of lead on heme synthesis", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol.26, br. Supplement, str. 5-10, 1975. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 28.02.2021.]

Recently, a fair amount of work has been done on the effect of lead on porphobilinogen dehydratase, which has been used as a sensitive indicator of lead poisoning. How far this is in itself harmful depends on the Michaelis constants of both the aminolaevulinic synthetase and of the dehydratase, and in addition on the relative activities of the two enzymes in a cell and also on the tissue concentration of glycine. Information on some of these points is still fragmentary, and a reliable judgement is at the present not very easy. Another step in the heme synthesis, which is sensitive to low concentrations of lead, is the incorporation of iron into protoporphyrin. Inhibition of this step may be important in accounting to a large extent for the anaemia found in individuals with lead poisoning. Reduction in the tissue concentration of heme or of heme-like compounds may also explain, through the mechanism of derepression, the excretion of increased amounts of aminolaevulinic acid in the urine observed in cases of lead poisoning. A third step in heme synthesis, which might be sensitive to lead, is the oxidative decarboxylation of coproporphyrin to protoporphynin, and this may explain why the former derivative is excreted in the urine. Recent work of the Harvard Medical School has indicated that greatly reduced levels of ALA dehydratase may be found in most cases of severe liver damage due to alcoholism. In most of these cases the level of lead in the blood is within normal limits, and there is no history of exposure to toxic amounts of lead. We therefore have to assume that a reduction in the blood level of this enzyme is not necessarily an indication of lead poisoning.

Hrčak ID: 167307



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